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Felicia writes: "you are a homosexual and may never change—you don't admit to the possibility of a double life, but if your peace of mind, your health, your whole nervous system depend on a certain sexual pattern what can you do? He wasn't conflicted about it at all. He was just gay. They had three children, Jamie, Alexander, and Nina. A major period of upheaval in Bernstein's personal life began in when he decided that he could no longer conceal his homosexuality and he left his wife Felicia for a period to live with the musical director of the classical music radio station KKHI-FM in San Francisco, Tom Cothran.
However, his public standing and many of his close friendships appear to have remained unaffected, and he resumed his busy schedule of musical activity. His affairs with men included a ten-year relationship with Kunihiko Hashimoto, a Tokyo insurance employee. The two met when the New York Philharmonic was performing in Tokyo. Hashimoto went backstage and they ended up spending the night together. It was a long distance affair, but according to letters, they both cared about each other deeply.
The book also includes other letters Bernstein received from Japanese fans. Bernstein announced his retirement from conducting on October 9, ,  and died at his apartment at The Dakota of a heart attack five days later, brought on by mesothelioma. On the day of his funeral procession through the streets of Manhattan, construction workers removed their hats and waved, calling out "Goodbye, Lenny. While Bernstein was very well known for his music compositions and conducting, he was also known for his outspoken political views and his strong desire to further social change.
His first aspirations for social change were made apparent in his producing as a student a recently banned opera, The Cradle Will Rock , by Marc Blitzstein , about the disparity between the working and upper class. His first opera, Trouble in Tahiti , was dedicated to Blitzstein and has a strong social theme, criticizing American civilization and suburban upper-class life in particular. As he went on in his career, Bernstein would go on to fight for everything from the influences of "American Music" to the disarming of western nuclear weapons.
Like many of his friends and colleagues, Bernstein had been involved in various left-wing causes and organizations since the s. Bernstein and his wife held the event seeking to raise awareness and money for the defense of several members of the Black Panther Party against a variety of charges, especially the case of the Panther It led to the popularization of " radical chic " as a critical term.
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Red Channels was issued by the right-wing journal Counterattack and was edited by Vincent Hartnett, who was later found to have libeled and defamed the noted radio personality John Henry Faulk. Among the many awards Bernstein earned throughout his life, one allowed him to make one of his philanthropic dreams a reality. He had for a long time wanted to develop an international school to help promote the integration of arts into education.
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This would eventually yield an initiative known as Artful Learning as part of the Leonard Bernstein Center. Bernstein was one of the major figures in orchestral conducting in the second half of the 20th century. He was held in high regard amongst many musicians, including the members of the Vienna Philharmonic, evidenced by his honorary membership; the London Symphony Orchestra , of which he was president; and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra , with which he appeared regularly as guest conductor.
He was probably the main conductor from the s onwards who acquired a sort of superstar status similar to that of Herbert von Karajan , although unlike Karajan he conducted relatively little opera and part of Bernstein's fame was based on his role as a composer. As the first American-born music director of the New York Philharmonic, his rise to prominence was a factor in overcoming the perception of the time that the top conductors were necessarily trained in Europe.
Bernstein's conducting was characterized by extremes of emotion with the rhythmic pulse of the music conveyed visually through his balletic podium manner. Musicians often reported that his manner in rehearsal was the same as in concert. As he got older his performances tended to be overlaid to a greater extent with a personal expressiveness which often divided critical opinion. Bernstein performed a wide repertoire from the Baroque era to the 20th century, although perhaps from the s onwards he tended to focus more on music from the Romantic era. Some of his recordings of works by these composers would likely appear on many music critics' lists of recommended recordings.
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A list of his other well-thought-of recordings would probably include individual works from Haydn , Beethoven , Berlioz , Schumann , Liszt , Nielsen , Sibelius , Stravinsky , Hindemith , and Shostakovich , among others. Oscar Levant , Earl Wild , and others come closer to Gershwin's own style. In addition to being an active conductor, Bernstein was an influential teacher of conducting. He also undoubtedly influenced the career choices of many American musicians who grew up watching his television programmes in the s and 60s.
Bernstein recorded extensively from the mids until just a few months before his death. Aside from those s recordings, which were made for RCA Victor , Bernstein recorded primarily for Columbia Masterworks Records , especially when he was music director of the New York Philharmonic between and His typical pattern of recording at that time was to record major works in the studio immediately after they were presented in the orchestra's subscription concerts or on one of the Young People's Concerts , with any spare time used to record short orchestral showpieces and similar works.
The complete Bernstein Columbia and RCA Victor catalog was reissued on CD in a three-volume series of box sets released in , , and , respectively comprising a total of discs under the mantle "Leonard Bernstein Edition". His later recordings starting with Bizet's Carmen in were mostly made for Deutsche Grammophon , though he would occasionally return to the Columbia label. Unlike his studio recordings for Columbia Masterworks, most of his later Deutsche Grammophon recordings were taken from live concerts or edited together from several concerts with additional sessions to correct errors.
Many replicate repertoire that he recorded in the s and 60s. In addition to his audio recordings, many of Bernstein's concerts from the s onwards were recorded on motion picture film by the German film company Unitel. This included a complete cycle of the Mahler symphonies with the Vienna Philharmonic and London Symphony Orchestra , as well as complete cycles of the Beethoven, Brahms and Schumann symphonies recorded at the same series of concerts as the audio recordings by Deutsche Grammophon. Many of these films appeared on Laserdisc and are now on DVD.
In total Bernstein was awarded 16 Grammys for his recordings in various categories, including several for posthumously released recordings.
http://nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/89/gane-whatsapp-unsichtbar-haken.php He was also awarded a Lifetime Achievement Grammy in Bernstein was an eclectic composer whose music fused elements of jazz, Jewish music, theatre music and the work of earlier composers like Aaron Copland , Igor Stravinsky , Darius Milhaud , George Gershwin , and Marc Blitzstein. Some of his works, especially his score for West Side Story , helped bridge the gap between classical and popular music. His music was rooted in tonality but in some works like his Kaddish Symphony and the opera A Quiet Place he mixed in tone elements.
Bernstein himself said his main motivation for composing was "to communicate" and that all his pieces, including his symphonies and concert works, "could in some sense be thought of as 'theatre' pieces. According to the League of American Orchestras ,  he was the second most frequently performed American composer by U.
Some performances were probably due to the 90th anniversary of his birth. His shows West Side Story , On the Town , Wonderful Town and Candide are regularly performed, and his symphonies and concert works are programmed from time to time by orchestras around the world. Since his death many of his works have been commercially recorded by artists other than himself. The Serenade , which has been recorded more than 10 times, is probably his most recorded work not taken from an actual theatre piece.
Despite the fact that he was a popular success as a composer, Bernstein himself is reported to have been disillusioned that some of his more serious works were not rated more highly by critics, and that he himself had not been able to devote more time to composing because of his conducting and other activities. In the late s, Bernstein himself reflected that his eclecticism was in part due to his lack of lengthy periods devoted to composition, and that he was still seeking to enrich his own personal musical language in the manner of the great composers of the past, all of whom had borrowed elements from others.
Despite this, all these pieces have been performed, discussed and reconsidered since his death. Both performances were conducted by Gilbert Levine. Although he taught conducting, Bernstein was not a teacher of composition as such, and he has no direct composing heirs. Perhaps the closest are composers like John Adams , who from the s onwards indirectly adopted elements of his eclectic, theatrical style.
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American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. Lawrence, Massachusetts , U. New York City , U. Felicia Montealegre m.
Main article: List of compositions by Leonard Bernstein. Main article: List of Leonard Bernstein awards. Listening to Movies 8.